Tips for Distinguishing Normal Aging vs. Canine Cognitive Dysfunction (CCD)

A senior golden lab smiling softly with its head in the hands of its owner

Some degree of cognitive decline, with changes in behavior, is normal as dog age, but sometimes it is difficult to know what normal aging is and what might be signs of a more
advanced cognitive decline such as Canine Cognitive Dysfunction (CCD). CCD is a condition that affects many senior dogs. The following is designed to guide you with that
first step. If you have any questions or concerns, it is best to seek professional
veterinary advice.

The following are normal signs of aging

  • Slowing down on walks, walking shorter distances
  • Taking more naps during the day
  • Less strenuous play
  • Some restlessness at night
  • Some irritability with other pets in the household

If your dog is showing two or more of these signs, it is recommended to intervene
sooner than later because normal cognitive decline can lead to Canine Cognitive Dysfunction which is a progressive condition.

Supporting Healthy Dog Aging

These normal dog aging changes can be slowed down or managed with appropriate intervention and lifestyle adjustments such as:

  1. Environmental Enrichment: Keep your dog mentally stimulated with interactive
    toys, puzzles, and new experiences. Regular playtime can help keep their mind
    as sharp as possible.
  2. Healthy Diet and Supplements: Some diets and supplements are designed to
    support brain health in aging dogs. NAD booster, senolytic, Omega-3 fatty acids,
    antioxidants, and specific prescription diets may help slow age-related cognitive
  3. Exercise: Regular physical activity is crucial for maintaining overall health and can also provide mental stimulation.
  4. Veterinary Check-ups: Regular veterinary visits are crucial for investigating any
    underlying disease, monitoring your dog’s general health and adjusting care
    plans as needed.

What is Canine Cognitive Dysfunction?

Canine Cognitive Dysfunction is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder, primarily affecting memory, learning, perception, and awareness. It typically occurs in senior dogs, usually those older than eight years. The exact cause is not fully understood.

How do I know if my dog has signs of CCD?

Recognizing the signs of CCD early can help manage the condition more effectively.
Here are the common signs to watch for:

  • Disorientation: Dogs may get lost in familiar places, seem confused in their own home,
    or wander aimlessly.
  • Changes in Interactions: There might be a noticeable change in how your dog interacts
    with family members or other pets, including decreased interest or increased irritability.
  • Sleep-Wake Cycle Alterations: Dogs with CCD often experience disrupted sleep patterns, such as staying awake at night and sleeping during the day.
  • House Soiling: Previously house-trained dogs might start having accidents indoors. It is important to note that this is not spiteful, rather a loss of orientation of inside vs outside.
  • Activity Level Changes: A decrease in activity or increased restlessness and repetitive behaviors.
  • Anxiety: Increased anxiety, especially when separated from their owners or in unfamiliar situations.
Strategies for Managing Canine Cognitive Dysfunction in Dogs

Managing a dog with CCD can be challenging, but in addition to the strategies above to improve their quality of life and make daily routines satisfying, there are more to employ:

  1. Consistent Routine: Establishing a consistent daily routine can help reduce confusion
    and anxiety. Regular feeding times, walks, and bedtime routines provide a sense of
  2. Medications: In some cases, your veterinarian may prescribe a medication such as
    selegiline or propentofyline that can help manage signs or slow the progression of the
  3. Comfort and Safety: Ensure your home is safe and comfortable for your dog. Use
    baby gates to restrict access to dangerous areas and provide a cozy, quiet place for
    them to rest.
  4. Training and Reinforcement: Patience and positive reinforcement training can help
    manage new or problematic behaviors. Gentle reminders and rewards can reinforce desired behaviors. You can teach an old dog new tricks!

Support for you and your dog

Caring for a dog with CCD can be emotionally taxing. It’s important to seek support from family, friends, or support groups for pet parents dealing with similar challenges.

Remember that while CCD is a progressive condition, many dogs can still enjoy a good quality of life with appropriate care and management. Canine Cognitive Dysfunction is a challenging but manageable condition. By recognizing the signs early and implementing a comprehensive care plan, you can help your senior dog navigate this stage of life with comfort and dignity. Always consult with your veterinarian to tailor a plan that best suits your dog’s needs. With patience, love, and proper care, you can make a significant difference in your furry friend’s well-being.


About Leap Years
Anyone who has a dog knows: dogs are good for us. They help keep us healthy and
feeling younger – and now we can do the same for them. Leap Years is helping to change the process of “how dogs age,” enhancing their healthspan and quality time together with the family.

Leap Years — More life in your dog, more dog in your life.

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